Science for the Engineers of the future

What is a pulley?

If you are studying ESO bilingual Technologies, you must know and understand one of the simplest mechanisms that has been used for ages.

First, take a look at this video to better understand this mechanism and the parts that are used to build a pulley or a block and tackle.

Let’s go Engineers of the future!! The next invention will come from you.  😉

Fixed Pulleys

A pulley is a wheel with a groove that turns on an axis. It is fixed to a solid surface. There is a rope or a chain inside the groove that allows you to lift objects easily by apply a force (F) against a resistance (R).

The pulley is balanced when the force we apply F equals the load R.

F = R

It allows us to lift and lower loads easily and is used in wells, simple cranes and gym equipment.

fixed pulley

Movable Pulleys

Movable pulley

This is a set of two pulleys, one fixed and another with linear movement. It is balanced when:


With this system, we only need have the force to lift the same weight as with a fixed pulley.

Compound pulley systems

This is a special combination of fixed and movable pulleys.

The more pulleys we have, the more complex the mechanism, but the easier it is to lift the load.
Look at these two compound pulley systems (n is the number of movable pulleys):
Compound pulley systems

Movable and compound pulleys can be used for lifts and cranes

Exercise 1
Exercise 2
Exercise 3

Youtube Practise

Watch the Youtube video and answer the following questions in the first 3 minutes of the video. Do it in your notebook.

1.- Write the four simple machines that appear in the first minute.

2.- Complete the following sentences:

“These are simple machines, the basic ___________ blocks of mechanical ______________”

“All simple machines make _____________   _____________”

“Work =  ___________ x distance”

________ Work = _________ Work

Step 5 - Simple machines: Levers

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